本網站最佳解析度為
800X600

Opium Suppression Movement Day (Anti-Cigarette)
Folklore/Festivals

3rd June is Anti-Cigarette Day, which is also called Opium Suppression Movement Day, stemming from the first day that Lin Zexu-xu (林則徐) burned the opium in Guang-dong (廣東).

 

At that time, England found it so much profitable by selling opium to China. Therefore, British East India Company was received the charter to dump this harmful products to China by planting opium in India.

 

In 1750s, the opium imported into China were just 400 boxes (for each one 100 kg); however, in 1790s, the amount increased ten times. Besides, owing to the corrupted, decayed bureaucracy, the authoritative ban on opium still was in vain. Domestic elites in China were worried about this situation which China exchanged poisonous stuffs with money. After inauguration of Emperor Tao-Guang (道光), he ordered Lin Zexu-xu to prohibit, suppress opium.

 

As soon as he arrived at Guang-zhou (廣州), he, fist of all, required foreign merchants two things: first, hand in those opium imported to china but not sold; then, sing up a contract, claiming never bring it back to China. Those foreign merchants thought Lin resembled others governors who could be bribed.

 

His tough attitude drove merchants surrender. On 3rd June, Lin dug two huge pool for pouring opium and raw lime into them. He burn lime by ocean water and destroyed the opium by means of calorific capacity generated by flame. Then the opium dust would be washed to ocean. It took 40-something days to complete the whole process. Therefore, 3rd June is Opium Suppression Movement Day, which is anti-cigarette nowadays.

 

 

 

Resource: http://edu.ocac.gov.tw/culture/chinese/cul_chculture/vod20html/vod20_25.htm

Translator: Yen-ting Ko

 

張貼日期 2011-06-30
活動日期
備註
附檔